Despite being over 400 years ago, these were not peaceful times. And before we set sail for Asia, it’s important to know all the global politics and the World we live in.
The Anglo–Spanish War (1585–1604) was an intermittent conflict between the Kingdom of Spain and the Kingdom of England that was never formally declared. This war was punctuated by separate battles, and began with England’s military expedition in 1585 to the Netherlands.
During this war, the English enjoyed major victories over the Spanish at Cádiz in 1587, and over the Spanish Armada in 1588, but gradually lost the initiative after defeats of the English Armada in 1589 and two further expeditions in 1595 and 1597 respectively. Two additional Spanish armadas were sent in 1596 and 1597 but were set back because of very bad weather.
The Anglo-Spanish war became deadlocked around the turn of the 17 th century during campaigns in Brittany and Ireland. It was brought to an end with the Treaty of London, negotiated in 1604 between representatives of the new king of Spain, Philip III, and the new king of England, James I.
As part of the Treaty of London, England and Spain agreed to cease their military interventions in the Spanish Netherlands and Ireland, respectively, and the English agreed to stop harassing Spanish ships.
Did you know about this Anglo-Spanish conflict?
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