Today’s featured image is the Coat of arms of Philip II and I of Spain and Portugal.
The Iberian Union is the historical designation (and modern term) for the political union of the Crown of Portugal with the Spanish Crown through a dynastic union.
On August 4, 1578, while fighting in Morocco, the young Portuguese King Sebastian died in battle without an heir and his body was never found. His death lead to a dynastic crisis. As a result, the late king’s elderly grand-uncle, Cardinal Henry, became the next king. However, Henry I died two years later in 1580, and as a result, Portugal worried about its independence and sought help to find a new king.
Following Henry’s death however, Spain invaded Portugal and the Spanish king became Philip I of Portugal in 1580; thus the Spanish and Portuguese Empires came under a single rule.
While Portugal was still officially an autonomous state, in actuality, the country was under the rule of the Spanish from 1580 to 1640. This did not, however, end Portuguese resistance to Spanish rule.
Beyond their struggle for independence, Spanish rule of Portugal created additional problems for the Portuguese as the joining of the two crowns deprived Portugal of a separate foreign policy, and thus, Spain’s enemies became Portugal’s enemies around the globe.
This would later create serious problems for Portugal’s colonies around the world, including Africa, India, Brazil and Asia.
Were you aware of these global politics?
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Source: Wikipedia.org and https://proveportugal.wordpress.com/