S D L Curry

T and O Map

Today’s featured image is an old ‘T and O Map’.

A T and O map is a type of Medieval world map, which is sometimes also called a ‘Beatine’ map, attributable to Beatus of Liébana, an 8th-century Spanish monk, who included it in one of his literary works.

As first described by the 7 th-Century scholar, Isidore of Seville in his work of ‘Etymologiae’, the T and O map represents the physical world as it was then understood.

Effectively, the map has the roundness of a circle or wheel, and because of this, the Ocean flowing around it is contained in a circular limit. The landmass itself is divided in three parts, one part being called Asia, the second Europe, and the third Africa.

The T is the Mediterranean, the Nile, and the Don (formerly called the ‘Tanais’) dividing the three continents, Asia, Europe and Africa, and the O is the encircling ocean. Jerusalem was generally represented in the center of the map (i.e. the centre of the World).

Recently, I visited Jerusalem on a pilgrimage and it is a fascinating place!

Do you think Jerusalem is the centre of the World?


Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T_and_O_map